4 WaysTo Tackle The Bitcoin’s Volatility

The bubble surrounding the Bitcoin’s market value is not something new, and at the same time, not something of a concern when it comes to your profitable trading situation. Yes, the cryptocurrency market is a nascent one, the world is still preparing itself to accept the contemporary changes happening in the world of currencies and therefore, the volatility is all understood and is expected to settle when the market and as well as the understanding of the people mature. But, as rightly stated by the Financial expert Ric Edelman of the Edelman Financial Services, the future is all about the digital currencies and hence, if your desire is to enjoy a secured financial future then, do not stop trading or investing in the Bitcoins, which can happen, without being bothered by its volatility when you follow the following 4 effective methods.

  • Buy to hold

If you are worried about the fluctuating market price of the Bitcoins then, stop concentrating on the short-term gains and instead, venture the long-term investment way that might allow you to experience a more matured trading situation of the Bitcoins. Once all these initial hiccups subside, there would be much more clarity and hence, pleasing profitability surrounding the Bitcoins that can favor your financial position greatly!

 

  • Invest wisely

Investing every penny you possess in the name of trading the Bitcoins would only hamper your financial situation even during the smooth market scenario and now, with the significant concern of volatility that is certainly not a sensible suggestion to follow. If you want to enjoy a safe trading situation with the Bitcoins then, only invest as much as you could afford to lose so that you are exempted from facing a devastating financial situation!

 

  • Hedging

Although hedging might hinder your chance of attaining the greater profitability when the market favors the growth of the Bitcoins, during an unfavorable situation it would secure your financial position greatly, as it allows you to lock in the future price of the Bitcoins! Say, you had purchased the Bitcoin for a value of 3000$ and you have decided to sell it at a future price of 3200$; if the market falls below 3000$ then certainly you had gained your profit and as well as saved your financial position and whereas, if the market rises more than 3200$, still you had nothing to lose even though your profitability is not so overwhelming!

 

  • CFD Trading

When you decide to venture Bitcoins CFD trading using the Crypto CFD Trader platform, you can protect yourself from the market volatility by going short or by opening short trades, which is a positive characteristic of the popular CFD trading practice!

All About Ethereum

If there is one other cryptocurrency that can be considered as powerful and as popular as the Bitcoins then, it could only be the Ethereum, whose position looks very promising for any beginner, who is eager to venture into this market. But, before doing so, it is indeed important to understand the nature and significances of this popular market to achieve the desirous result.

Ethereum – What is that?

By now, you all know that Ethereum is a cryptocurrency but, its benefits do not end there! In fact, Ethereum is more of a decentralized open software platform based on the prominent blockchain technology that allows the programmers to build and deploy various decentralized applications that can accomplish useful tasks. You may ask, what’s so special about this open software platform, which any other similar platforms do not possess. The specialty of this decentralized platform lies in the fact that nobody can tamper or hack the code present in it, no matter however they try to do so.

These codes that are written using the inbuilt programming language called the ‘Solidity’ either refer to the ‘Smart Contracts’ or the ‘Distributed Autonomous Applications (DApps)’. While smart contracts can facilitate the transfer of anything valuable, say the property or the money, the DApps are written to accomplish the specific purposes of its users. To execute these codes the developers should own the associated cryptocurrency called Ether that is the fuel required to run this powerful application of blockchain technology. To simply put, if you wish to create and deploy your own code in this Ethereum technology then, the fees required to accomplish the task is the ‘Ether’

Ethereum Vs Bitcoin

If Bitcoin is considered the ‘King of the Cryptocurrencies’ then, this Ethereum (Ether) can be considered the Queen, whose benefit lies more than just being the cryptocurrency.As seen earlier, it is mainly used to write decentralized applications that can solve certain significant purposes both to the user and the community that too without suffering any downtime and security threats. Since many prominent industries like the finance and the real estate are said to get benefited by these decentralized apps, many major businesses are eager to utilize this blockchain technology’s powerful feature and this proves the surging popularity and the significance of this cryptocurrency.

Mining of Ether

As said above, Ether is the price which anyone must pay to access this blockchain technology called the Ethereum, whose supply is restricted to 18 million per year. The news is, a new Ethereum block is being mined every 14 seconds, for which the reward of 5 Ether is being given to the computer that mined it. This shows the rate at which the availability of the Ether is declining but, that should not be the cause for you to worry as you can utilize uncomplicated ways like ‘Ethereum Code Crypto Robot’ to mine your own Ether! To know more on this, please go through this review!

Building Your Cryptocurrency Portfolio

If you are one among those smitten by the merits of cryptocurrency then, we can understand your eagerness to invest and grow your crypto money for your powerful future and that is why we are here to offer you some unparalleled suggestions. Smitten or not, the world is all geared up for the revolution, which means, it is the right time for you to join the wagon and start venturing the investment practices to gain the upper, beneficial hand, favorably.

It is only natural to consider cryptocurrency is another name for the Bitcoin because it is from here this revolution started but, the concept has evolved further to offer so many options aka the alternate coins or the altcoins to produce the respective benefits for the respective users. Therefore, in your idea of cryptocurrency investment or the cryptocurrency trading, there is a scope to build your Portfolio versatilely by including the following set of cryptocurrencies other than the pioneer Bitcoin to balance the risks accordingly and to benefit your position!

  • Ethereum

Ethereum is an open source platform to develop and deploy decentralized applications that are focused on executing the transactions involving anything of value. The transactions referred to as the ‘smart contracts’ are developed and executed peer-to-peer by this platform, offering more sophisticated and more secure solution. For example, you can use this platform to set up a smart contract for an event, where the organizers can sell tickets, limit the number of participants, take care of refunds, if any and so on automatically and effortlessly! Therefore, it is more than just being a cryptocurrency and investing in it can make your position and your portfolio much stronger!

 

  • Ripple

This Ripple not only acts as the cryptocurrency but, also, and in fact, more predominantly as a quicker payment network that allows transfer of almost any type of currency into almost any other type available in the world, without involving greater complexity and hefty transaction fee. That is, it is something like your popular money transfer system that allows you to exchange different world currencies but sans the hectic conversion rate and/or the transactional fee!

 

  • Litecoin

If Bitcoin is valued like the Gold then, this Litecoin is the silver that is as powerful as the Bitcoin but more affordable and readily available for you to gain your share and grow your investment. This brainchild of the former Google employee, allows anyone to quickly transfer large volumes of small transactions, where a bloc is processed every 2.5 minutes and hence, considered as a faster alternative to the Bitcoins.

If you are wondering how to trade these powerful cryptocurrencies then, you can certainly choose the robot way of trading empowered by reliable systems like the Crypto Code, whose authenticity can be discovered by reading this full review!

4 Trading Ways With Smaller Capital

Trading is indeed the best way to grow your money, which can also be achievable with a meager capital amount. Yes, although more money to invest in the trading practice means more profits, you can still achieve that with the meager money as the capital when you choose your trading ways carefully! Also, not everyone would be ready to invest a huge amount in the trading practice, either due to their strict financial position or either due to their inexperienced situation. Under such scenarios or for whatsoever personal reasons of yours to choose a smaller trading account aka the capital, follow the below-mentioned 4 trading ways to make your trading practice abundantly profitable and successful!

  • Choose a leveraged product

The leveraged trading products such as the CFD or the options are indeed a boon to the small account traders because with little margin amount one can access the much worthier trading asset without any difficulty and if the market favors, can gain greater profits quite pleasingly. The idea of these leveraged products is to help such small account traders to trade more confidently and more profitably without having to worry about their capital money.

 

  • Choose the robot way

There are many reliable trading robots available these days to not only grow your money greatly using the trading practice but also to access the practice, even with the small amount as the capital and therefore, when you choose one of these robots to engage in the trading practice, you can gain unbelievable benefits without worrying about the capital or for that matter, without worrying about anything related to the respective trading practice. One such powerful trading robots, Qprofit System scam or not? Do peruse yourself and decide!

 

  • Avoid taking risks

If you have more money then, you have the luxury to trade every riskier trading option, which right now, not suitable for your position with lower amount as the capital and therefore, stay away from such risks, no matter, how attractive or profitable they might be to avoid unfavorable pitfalls that might even doom your trading aspirations, altogether!

 

  • Keep your emotions under control

Don’t get carried away by your emotions, be it the happy ones or the sad ones, which might influence you to act irresponsibly and lose more of your valuable hard-earned money. Hence, even if you have hit a jackpot with your small capital amount, do not try implementing the action further because luck may not strike twice in this complex trading practice. Also, chasing your losses is a big no-no, which you ought to stay away if any day, avoiding the pitfall is your desire!

Fintech Ltd

Information is the key to know any new happening not only in general but also the financial world. With countless amount of data generated either offline or online it is practically very taxing for an investor to have complete knowledge of the highly dynamic stock markets, passion apart from in-depth analysis a basic requirement for traders across the globe.What makes this trading fraternity so unique is the ability to forecast a winning chance for an investor who may be a new venture into the trading circle and may have many hoops and circles to pass by before becoming a seasoned trader and get used to all the gnarling situations of the every minute volatile stock market.

Instances of price becoming pauper and rags to riches stories are common phenomena in stock markets, which is when it is a nightmare for outsiders who may not have the profitable advises or trade signals to start trading. Online brokers are highly regarded as they scour through technical aspects of the trade and give the unbiased opinion on the stocks to stay invested and which are the ones to be pulled out. Losses could pile up within a single transaction which may be a wrong move from the broker which is when all the ambiguity, risk comes in as for runner.

Reviews on the online platform about many online software trading platforms help one to take a plunge into the stock market and trade favorably making a decent amount of profit without prior knowledge about the industry in general. Applications on the web which facilitate the auto trading mode at  https://cybermentors.org.uk/fintech-ltd-scam-software-or-legit/  have to be closely looked into before investing a huge sum of money, it is advisable to stay invested for a while and then move out to understand the winning ratio and probability of a legit and licensed online broker for trade signals.

Binary options trading is always on the growth mode, but care should be taken before falling into the hands of unscrupulous brokers who skim out the money of innocent investor, care should take not to stay invested on unprofitable stock for a long period of time to reduce the gap in widening the losses to pile up. Binary options trading is a platform to learn the inside out perspective of the online stock trading potentials without having to actually place the trade when parameters can be set including the amount of risk and losses one is able to take while using the software online.

 

1k Daily profit – What you need to Know!

Trading binary options helps in generating huge benefits. When the benefits are so high, it is only natural for the risk to accompany it. The risk factor involved in binary trading is high that the total funds invested could be gone for a toss if you make one wrong decision and move. With An auto trading robot by your side, you can be pretty sure of your decisions as you know the robot will be deciding based upon the analysis and results of trading transactions. This will enable the trader to place a safe bet and gain some profit over his initial investment.

So what is this 1K Daily profit?

  • It is a trading app which works as binary option. It was developed by John Becker mainly for traders who are not experienced to make to make their own decisions are looking for some professional help!
  • This trading software could be easily handled and used by newbie trading enthusiasts as you do not need any sort of trading experience to actually invest and earn surplus.
  • As the name goes, the software promises a minimum profit of 1K everyday which quite an attractive profit is considering how new you could be to trading.
  • It comes free of cost and does not need any download on your laptop or mobile or any other device. It works on a browser and all you need to start off is a basic internet connection and a device and you are all set.
  • No complex registration procedure. All you are asked for is to fill up a short form with bare necessity details and you are good to start off.
  • Once you have signed up, you need to fund your account, this is just to start up with the process and 1K profit does not get any brokerage or any sort of fee from you. So they mean it is completely free when they say so.
  • This software is one hundred percent automated. It needs no manual interference as such and works as it receives signals. However if you are interested to make your decisions and simply will wait for the inference signals from the software, it is possible too.
  • The software will analyze the market, based on data and recent trends and will generate signals based on its predictions. Now the signals are notified whenever there is a profitable trading opportunity! The trader could either choose to make use of opportunity or ignore in manual set up!

Commander’s Posture Statement, U.S. Southern Command

The Southern Command’s annual overview of its challenges and programs, usually presented to the Armed Services Committees of both houses of Congress in March or April.

The trading market is now having a new entrant and it is believed to be a very successful and efficient addition to this long list of trading software that comes with promises and offers to the traders. These promises prove to be very productive and all those who have tried their luck here have been really lucky for they were able to reach their goals atleast to an extent. There is a lot that this software or trading platform is waiting to offer all the traders who take up trading here with full confidence. And with this trading application, there is never turning back. Traders who have been trading here for more than one or two times are very satisfied and they continue to venture this application for all their future trading interests.

With the qprofit system, the trader gets to choose from a palette of asset options which is close to 100 here and for all of them there is a chart made available that details about their performances. A trader makes his decision about an asset for trading based on its performances in the past and this is clearly given in this trading platform in the form of trend charts and this is a constructive proof for an asset performing either good or bad in the market. Apart from this, there is also this assistance available from the brokers who always support and assist the traders in making the asset selection. They are experienced agents who would have operated in all types of market situations and would have a clear idea about the assets and their performances. They will also be in a position to forecast their movements precisely than the traders. So taking their assistance in each and every step of trading is definitely going to benefit the trader.

There is a free demo account that is offered to all the traders before they decide to make the initial deposit of $250. This demo account would help them take profound understandings about this system`s successful operations and constructive support to the traders in achieving their profit dreams. There is a lot of support and assistance that is promised to be offered to all the traders and this is efficiently done by the registered brokers online.

Colombia

QUICK FACTS

AREA IN SQUARE KM1,138,910
CORRUPTION PERCEPTIONS INDEX RANKING94 (out of 176) (2012)
DEFENSE EXPENDITURE AS % OF GDP3.30% (2011)
DEFENSE EXPENDITURE IN DOLLARS12,146,000,000 (2012)
PER CAPITA GDP IN DOLLARS11,000 (2012)
POPULATION45,745,783 (2013)
SIZE OF ARMED FORCES281,400 (2013)
U.S. MILITARY PERSONNEL PRESENT63 (2011)

Colombia At A Glance

Military & Police Aid$224,651,676(2014)
Humanitarian & Development Aid$164,982,432(2014)
Arms Sales$304,329,724(2012)
Trainees4,464(2013)

view full data set

Upcoming Dates

10/28/14 Event

After half a century of conflict, Colombia appears to be nearing peace.

Similarly it is important to ensure that when you fill out your details on the CarbonFX platform, you do it with a lot of care. You will get a confirmation on your email when your request gets processed and this will have an activation link which will take you to the final step of your registration process.

Historic peace talks have been ongoing since October 2012 between the Colombian government and the country’s largest guerrilla group, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia,…

10/14/14 Event

Please join this conversation on the past four decades of work to end impunity in Latin America with longtime human rights champions. As the Washington Office on Latin America (WOLA) turns 40 and the Institute for Policy Studies enters its sixth decade, we are more aware than ever of the…

10/09/14 Event

Minister Cárdenas, ratified as finance minister by president Juan Manuel Santos at the start of his second term, will focus on policies that have helped make Colombia Latin America’s fastest growing economy. He will discuss the challenges in sustaining and even increasing the country’s growth in…

Resources

11/4/14 | News

PRESIDENTE DEL CONSEJO EUROPEO PROMETIÓ APOYO DE UE A COLOMBIA EN EL POSCONFLICTO

El presidente del Consejo Europeo, Herman Van Rompuy, aseguró este martes que la Unión Europea (UE) está dispuesta a ofrecer a Colombia “ayuda concreta” para implementar futuros acuerdos de paz en el país, en el caso de que las negociaciones entre el Gobierno colombiano y las Farc…

more 

11/3/14 | News

CRÉDITO ALEMÁN DE $100 MILLONES A COLOMBIA LIGADO AL PROCESO DE PAZ

El Banco de Crédito para la Reconstrucción y el Desarrollo (KfW), entidad pública alemana, anunció este lunes la concesión de un crédito de 100 millones de dólares a Colombia ligado al proceso de paz abierto en el país sudamericano con las FARC.

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11/3/14 | News

FARC DENIES HAVING COMMITTED WAR CRIMES AGAINST CIVILIANS

Colombian rebel group FARC on Saturday denied responsibility for war crimes against civilians. The guerrillas want to be held responsible for crimes committed in military action which could exclude numerous civilian victims of the internal conflict.

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Analysis

10/27/14 | Blog

COMPREHENSIVE ANALYSIS: MAJOR WAYS THE U.S. FOREIGN AID BILL FOR FY 2015 COULD AFFECT U.S. ASSISTANCE TO LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN

Both the House of Representatives and the Senate appropriations committees passed two versions of the State, Foreign Operations and Related Programs Appropriations bill for FY 2015, which contains most of the annual U.S. budget for foreign aid. These bills offer a glimpse into what U.S. foreign…

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10/10/14 | Blog

HOW CAN THE UNITED STATES HELP COLOMBIA ACHIEVE PEACE? A HOW-TO FROM THE LATIN AMERICA WORKING GROUP

The Colombian government and Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) guerrillas are advancing steadily in negotiations in a peace process that could bring an end to 50 years of brutal conflict. They have already reached agreement on three of six “chapters” of a final accord, on rural…

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10/2/14 | Publications

A COMPASS FOR COLOMBIA POLICY

In 2000, the United States launched an ambitious rates of violent displacement, despite the partial aid program designed to help Colombia combat illicit drugs. The program, known as Plan Colombia or the Andean Counternarcotics Initiative, was also presented as a plan to help our neighbor “regain…

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Country Profile: U.S. Security Assistance to Yemen Share This /

Following close to eleven months of street protests calling for an end to his 33-year presidency, former president Ali Abdullah Saleh signed a U.S.-supported transition plan on November 23, 2011. Former Vice President Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi was elected president in February 2012 in a one-man election. While the new government has made progress on parts of the transition plan by beginning to restructure the security sector and completing a National Dialogue Conference (NDC), it has yet to revise the constitution or hold new elections.

In late September 2014, Shiite rebels gained control over much of Yemen’s capital, Sanaa, prompting a new agreement to establish a more inclusive government. At the same time, President Hadi is facing growing protests in the south for independence and continuing attacks by al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP). Security forces and several non-state actors in Yemen have been implicated in various human rights violations.

Given the unstable political and security climate, U.S. support for Yemen’s security sector remains a top priority.

So is the volatility of trading Bitcoin. If you have been looking for trading software that is powerful and completely legit, then the Bitcoin Code is what you should definitely consider. The software has been developed by a well-known person in the investment world, Steve McKay. He is an expert in investment and trading and the trading software that he has designed promises huge payouts and returns that are consistent.

The software is designed and programed to let traders trade on Bitcoin. The algorithm analyses the patterns of the market and also how the crypto currency fluctuates. It uses algorithm that is highly sophisticated as the crypto currencies are very volatile. The software checks the trend and does an analysis of the pattern of the market. When it gets the appropriate trading signal, it places the automatic trades on the crypto currency on your behalf. And if you look at the past results then most of the trades have been highly profitable.

From Fiscal Year (FY) 2011 to 2014, the U.S. government allocated a total of $343 million in U.S. security assistance to Yemen aimed primarily at strengthening the security forces’ capacity to combat terrorism. As the Obama Administration seeks more funding for U.S. security assistance to Yemen, there are several serious challenges ranging from concern about the use of U.S. drone attacks, Houthi support for the new agreement and high levels of security force corruption and abuse of power.

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2000 M Street NW, Suite 720, Washington, DC 20036
(202) 232-3317 | www.ciponline.org

In cooperation with our partner organizations:

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Security Assistance Monitor is made possible by support from the Open Society Foundations.

U.S. Aid to Colombia, All Programs, 2005-2010

Grant military and police aid to Colombia, All Programs, 2005-2010

Aid Program 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Program Total
International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement 334,077,125 350,248,000 386,869,000 223,124,500 228,089,000 194,750,000 1,717,157,625
Section 1004 Counter-Drug Assistance 155,313,000 140,522,000 115,430,000 109,635,000 117,007,000 122,874,000 760,781,000
Foreign Military Financing 99,200,000 89,100,000 85,500,000 52,570,000 55,480,000 55,000,000 436,850,000
Department of Defense Military Construction 46,000,000 46,000,000
Section 1033 Counter-Drug Assistance 13,976,000 10,227,000 10,865,000 6,493,000 41,561,000
Excess Defense Articles 137,000 9,569,000 111,000 23,786,781 33,603,781
NADR – Anti-Terrorism Assistance 5,118,000 5,176,000 3,395,000 3,288,000 2,750,000 2,750,000 22,477,000
International Military Education and Training 1,700,000 1,673,000 1,646,000 1,421,000 1,400,000 1,694,000 9,534,000
Counter-Terrorism Fellowship Program 310,200 222,659 434,590 481,949 789,505 1,280,885 3,519,788
NADR – Humanitarian Demining 300,000 691,000 400,000 2,000,000 3,391,000
Non-Security Assistance – Unified Command 1,609,148 585,993 94,332 37,591 415,621 2,742,685
Service Academies 220,995 227,725 481,636 424,310 502,801 430,314 2,287,781
Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies 155,150 96,750 189,146 298,136 357,103 460,123 1,556,408
NADR – Conventional Weapons Destruction 691,000 427,000 1,118,000
Aviation Leadership Program 27,267 59,383 23,840 38,092 26,917 175,499
Asia-Pacific Center 2,388 2,388 2,388 2,388 2,388 11,940
TOTAL 596,121,737 589,374,053 619,484,593 402,104,615 441,505,261 434,177,248 3,082,767,507

All amounts in U.S. dollars. Numbers in italics are estimates, usually based on the closest year for which data are available.

The qprofit system offers the best trading platform to the traders even the inexperienced and new entrants into the trading market.  All their operations are kept at the minimum levels and there are no complicated procedures in operating this application. The trading platform is a transparent one and things are made crystal clear here.

Grant economic and social aid to Colombia, All Programs, 2005-2010

Aid Program 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Program Total
Economic Support Fund 194,412,000 196,500,000 201,790,000 592,702,000
International Narcotics Control Economic Aid 131,294,000 139,982,000 139,166,000 39,428,000 40,000,000 42,250,000 532,120,000
PL 480 `Food for Peace` 3,419,000 2,973,000 4,858,000 10,630,000 11,046,000 32,926,000
Section 1207 Security and Stabilization Assistance 4,000,000 5,000,000 4,800,000 13,800,000
Transition Initiatives 1,699,970 2,000,000 2,000,000 5,699,970
Defense Department Humanitarian Assistance 699,655 353,183 2,528,999 3,581,837
TOTAL 134,713,000 142,955,000 149,723,970 252,169,655 254,699,183 246,568,999 1,180,829,807

All amounts in U.S. dollars. Numbers in italics are estimates, usually based on the closest year for which data are available.

All Grant Aid to Colombia, All Programs, 2005-2010

2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 TOTAL
TOTAL 730,834,737 732,329,053 769,208,563 654,274,270 696,204,444 680,746,247 4,263,597,314

Military and Police Trainees from Colombia, All Programs, 2005-2010

Aid Program 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Program Total
Section 1004 Counter-Drug Assistance 9,152 6,262 12,603 168 166 188 28,539
International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement 587 555 381 591 667 810 3,591
International Military Education and Training 504 499 497 280 336 716 2,832
Foreign Military Financing 31 56 507 487 811 800 2,692
Counter-Terrorism Fellowship Program 11 100 21 309 428 573 1,442
Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies 41 40 139 79 106 618 1,023
Non-Security Assistance – Unified Command 190 204 40 80 280 794
Foreign Military Sales 32 19 100 17 98 214 480
Department of Homeland Security/U.S. Coast Guard Activities 30 43 73
Service Academies 4 4 7 6 7 6 34
Aviation Leadership Program 1 4 1 3 1 10
Global Peace Operations Initiative 0
TOTAL 10,393 7,729 14,460 1,977 2,702 4,249 41,510

U.S. Institutions that Trained Personnel from Colombia, All Programs, 2005-2010 (Max. 20 Shown)

Institution 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Total
Western Hemisphere Institute for Security Cooperation 220 214 422 348 444 702 2,350
Inter-American Air Forces Academy 272 267 48 123 184 361 1,255
Army Aviation Center 90 91 99 110 236 205 831
Army Aviation Logistics School 93 72 67 101 160 250 743
Naval Small Craft Instruction and Technical Training School (NAVSCIATTS) 168 43 16 88 93 165 573
Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies 41 39 215 142 55 8 500
12th Flying Training Wing 116 241 357
Headquarters U.S. Army Garrison 60 60 96 101 317
XVIII Airborne Corps 111 174 285
Coast Guard Training Center 56 87 6 3 4 156
Defense Language Institute English Language Center 7 9 10 20 28 65 139
Security Assistance Training Field Activity (SATFA) 66 66
Joint Forces Staff College 2 6 2 2 46 58
UNKNOWN 52 52
Security Assistance Training Management OFC 1 10 41 52
Coast Guard International Training Detachment 1 43 43
Army Command and General Staff College 2 6 6 6 6 12 38
Flight Safety International 22 7 29
Army Infantry School 2 3 3 5 7 4 24
Naval Post-Graduate School 12 5 2 17
TOTAL 1,184 1,126 1,033 1,177 1,546 2,195 8,261

Arms and Equipment Sold to Colombia, All Programs, 2005-2010

Program 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Program Total
Foreign Military Sales 41,710,000 88,776,000 231,384,000 125,639,000 113,988,000 455,503,000 1,057,000,000
Direct Commercial Sales 71,095,113 273,452,684 102,268,881 293,506,722 126,663,999 82,634,238 949,621,637
TOTAL 112,805,113 362,228,684 333,652,881 419,145,722 240,651,999 538,137,238 2,006,621,637

All amounts in U.S. dollars.

Deployments and Operations in Colombia, All Programs, 2005-2010

Program 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Program Total
Section 124 Counter-Drug Operations 17,200,000 19,575,000 19,434,000 56,209,000
Humanitarian and Civic Assistance 280,482 433,107 558,295 190,000 794,000 2,255,884
TOTAL 17,480,482 20,008,107 19,992,295 190,000 794,000 58,464,884

All amounts in U.S. dollars.

Official Descriptions of Aid to Colombia

Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies, 2012

Document: CHDS Professors Participate in FUERZAS Commando Exercise

Program: Exercises, Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies

From June 6 to 14, 2012, Colombia hosted the 9th annual FUERZAS COMANDO exercise at the Colombian National Training Center on Fort Tolemaida. During this time special operations forces from 21 countries engaged in an eight-day military skills competition, testing their physical strength and tactical abilities. The 17 grueling events are meant to challenge even the most skilled competitors in order to select the best of the elite military forces in the Western Hemisphere. …

Concurrently, the FUERZAS COMANDO exercise also hosted a Senior Leader Seminar in Bogota for military leaders to exchange ideas and improve military-to-military relations and to discuss regional security issues, such as countering transnational organized crime. Both events were intended to build relationships and strengthen ties between the participating nations.

American Forces Press Service, 2012U.S. Department of State, 2012U.S. Department of Defense, 2012U.S. Department of Defense, 2012U.S. Department of Defense, 2012U.S. Department of Defense, 2012U.S. Department of Defense, 2012U.S. Department of State, 2012Department of State, 2011

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Grant Aid Table Sources:

  • Colombia Aviation Leadership Program 2005; Colombia Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies 2005; Colombia Service Academies 2005; – United States, Department of Defense, Department of State, Foreign Military Training and DoD Engagement Activities of Interest in Fiscal Years 2005 and 2006: A Report to Congress (Washington: September 2006) (Link to source).
  • Colombia Counter-Terrorism Fellowship Program 2005; – U.S. Department of Defense, Office of Freedom of Information, Response to FOIA request from the Center for Public Integrity (Washington: July 13, 2006) (Link to source).
  • Colombia International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement 2005; – United States, Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, FY 2007 Congressional Budget Justification (Washington: Department of State, April 2006) (Link to source). United States, Department of State, Memorandum of Justification under Section 451 of the Foreign Assistance Act for the Use of Funds or Counterdrug and Law Enforcement Programs in Central America (Washington: Department of State, September 28, 2007) (Link to source).
  • Colombia International Military Education and Training 2005; Colombia NADR – Anti-Terrorism Assistance 2005; – United States, Department of State, FY 2007 Congressional Budget Justification for Foreign Operations (Washington: Department of State, February 2006) (Link to source).
  • Colombia Asia-Pacific Center 2006; – United States, Department of Defense, Department of State, Foreign Military Training and DoD Engagement Activities of Interest in Fiscal Years 2006 and 2007: A Report to Congress (Washington: August 2007)(Link to source).
  • Colombia Excess Defense Articles 2006; Colombia International Military Education and Training 2006; Colombia NADR – Anti-Terrorism Assistance 2006; Colombia NADR – Humanitarian Demining 2006; – United States, Department of State, FY 2008 Congressional Budget Justification for Foreign Operations (Washington: Department of State, February 2007) (Link to source).
  • Colombia International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement 2006; – United States, Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, FY 2008 Program and Budget Guide (Washington: U.S. Department of State, September 2007) (Link to source).
  • Colombia Aviation Leadership Program 2006; Colombia Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies 2006; Colombia Counter-Terrorism Fellowship Program 2006; Colombia Non-Security Assistance – Unified Command 2006; Colombia Service Academies 2006; – United States, Department of Defense, Department of State, Foreign Military Training and DoD Engagement Activities of Interest in Fiscal Years 2006 and 2007: A Report to Congress (Washington: August 2007) (Link to source).
  • Colombia Aviation Leadership Program 2007; Colombia Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies 2007; Colombia Counter-Terrorism Fellowship Program 2007; Colombia Non-Security Assistance – Unified Command 2007; Colombia Service Academies 2007; – United States, Department of Defense, Department of State, Foreign Military Training and DoD Engagement Activities of Interest in Fiscal Years 2007 and 2008 (Washington: January 2008) (Link to source).
  • Colombia Excess Defense Articles 2007; – United States, Department of State, FY 2009 Congressional Budget Justification for Foreign Operations (Washington: Department of State, February 2008) (Link to source).
  • Colombia International Military Education and Training 2007; Colombia International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement 2007; – United States, Department of State, FY 2009 International Affairs (Function 150) Budget Request–Summary and Highlights (Washington: Department of State: February 4, 2008) (Link to source).
  • Colombia Section 1033 Counter-Drug Assistance 2007; – United States, Department of Defense, Section 1209 Report to Congress on Foreign-Assistance Related Programs Carried out by the Department of Defense (Washington: August 2008) (Link to source).
  • Colombia Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies 2008; Colombia Counter-Terrorism Fellowship Program 2008; Colombia Non-Security Assistance – Unified Command 2008; Colombia Service Academies 2008; – United States, Department of Defense, Department of State, Foreign Military Training and DoD Engagement Activities of Interest in Fiscal Years 2008 and 2009 (Washington: January 2011) (Link to source).
  • Colombia Excess Defense Articles 2008; Colombia NADR – Anti-Terrorism Assistance 2009; Colombia NADR – Humanitarian Demining 2009; Colombia NADR – Anti-Terrorism Assistance 2010; Colombia NADR – Humanitarian Demining 2010; – United States, Department of State, FY 2011 Congressional Budget Justification for Foreign Operations (Washington: Department of State, March 2010) (Link to source).
  • Colombia International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement 2008; – United States, Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement Affairs, Program and Budget Guide 2010 (Washington: Department of State). (Colombia International Military Education and Training 2008; Colombia NADR – Anti-Terrorism Assistance 2008; – United States, Department of State, FY 2010 Congressional Budget Justification for Foreign Operations (Washington: Department of State, May 2009) (Link to source).
  • Colombia NADR – Anti-Terrorism Assistance 2007; Colombia NADR – Conventional Weapons Destruction 2007; Colombia NADR – Humanitarian Demining 2007; Colombia NADR – Conventional Weapons Destruction 2008; – United States, Department of State, Congressional Budget Justification for Foreign Operations (Washington: Department of State, February 2008) (Link to source).
  • Colombia Section 1033 Counter-Drug Assistance 2008; Colombia Section 1033 Counter-Drug Assistance 2009; Colombia Section 1033 Counter-Drug Assistance 2010; – U.S. Department of Defense, Section 1209 and Section 1203(b) Report to Congress On Foreign-Assistance Related Programs for Fiscal Years 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Washington: Department of Defense, April 2012) (Link to source).
  • Colombia Aviation Leadership Program 2009; Colombia Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies 2009; Colombia Counter-Terrorism Fellowship Program 2009; Colombia Non-Security Assistance – Unified Command 2009; Colombia Service Academies 2009; – United States, Department of Defense, Department of State, Foreign Military Training and DoD Engagement Activities of Interest in Fiscal Years 2009 and 2010 (Washington: February 2011) (Colombia Excess Defense Articles 2009; – United States, Department of Defense, Defense Security Cooperation Agency, FY 2009 Excess Defense Article authorized and furnished to foreign countries under Part II, Chapter 2, Section 516 of the FAA (Washington 2009) (Link to source).
  • Colombia International Military Education and Training 2009; – United States, Department of Defense, Defense Security Cooperation Agency, International Military Education and Training (IMET) authorized for foreign countries under Part II, Chapter 5, Arms Export Control Act (Washington: January 26, 2010) (Link to source).
  • Colombia International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement 2009; – United States, Department of State, Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, Program and Budget Guide, Fiscal Year 2011 Budget (Washington: Department of State: 2010) (Link to source).
  • Colombia Asia-Pacific Center 2007; Colombia Asia-Pacific Center 2008; Colombia Asia-Pacific Center 2009; Colombia Asia-Pacific Center 2010; – Estimate based on closest available year.
  • Colombia Department of Defense Military Construction 2010; – National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (H.R.2647), as approved by Congress (Washington: October 28, 2009) (Link to source).
  • Colombia Foreign Military Financing 2005; Colombia Foreign Military Financing 2006; Colombia Foreign Military Financing 2007; Colombia Foreign Military Financing 2008; Colombia Foreign Military Financing 2009; Colombia Foreign Military Financing 2010; – U.S. Defense Security Cooperation Agency, Foreign Military Sales, Foreign Military Construction Sales and Other Security Cooperation Historical Facts As of September 30, 2010 (Washington: DSCA, 2011) (Link to source).
  • Colombia International Military Education and Training 2010; – United States, Department of State, FY 2012 Executive Budget Summary Function 150 and Other International Programs (Washington: Department of State, February 2011) (Link to source).
  • Colombia International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement 2010; – United States, Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement Affairs, Program and Budget Guide 2012 (Washington: Department of State, 2011) (Link to source).
  • Colombia ; – Clare Ribando Seelke, Liana Sun Wyler, June S. Beittel, Mark P. Sullivan, ‘Latin America and the Caribbean: Illicit Drug Trafficking and U.S. Counterdrug Programs’ (Washington: U.S. Library of Congress, Congressional Research Service, May 12, 2011): 33-4 (Link to source).
  • Colombia Aviation Leadership Program 2010; Colombia Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies 2010; Colombia Counter-Terrorism Fellowship Program 2010; Colombia Non-Security Assistance – Unified Command 2010; Colombia Service Academies 2010; – United States, Department of Defense, Department of State, Foreign Military Training and DoD Engagement Activities of Interest in Fiscal Years 2010 and 2011 (Washington: February 2012) (Link to source).

Economic Aid Table Sources:

  • Colombia International Narcotics Control Economic Aid 2005; – United States, Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, FY 2007 Congressional Budget Justification (Washington: Department of State, April 2006) (Link to source).
  • Colombia PL 480 `Food for Peace` 2005; – United States, Department of State, FY 2007 Congressional Budget Justification for Foreign Operations (Washington: Department of State, February 2006) (Link to source).
  • Colombia International Narcotics Control Economic Aid 2006; – United States, Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, FY 2008 Program and Budget Guide (Washington: U.S. Department of State, September 2007) (Link to source).
  • Colombia PL 480 `Food for Peace` 2006; – United States, Department of State, FY 2008 Congressional Budget Justification for Foreign Operations (Washington: Department of State, February 2007) (Link to source).
  • Colombia International Narcotics Control Economic Aid 2007; – United States, Department of State, FY 2009 International Affairs (Function 150) Budget Request–Summary and Highlights (Washington: Department of State: February 4, 2008) (Link to source).
  • Colombia PL 480 `Food for Peace` 2007; Colombia Transition Initiatives 2007; Colombia Transition Initiatives 2008; – United States, Department of State, Congressional Budget Justification for Foreign Operations (Washington: Department of State, February 2008) (Link to source).
  • Colombia Section 1207 Security and Stabilization Assistance 2007; – (1) United States, Department of Defense, Section 1209 Report to Congress on Foreign-Assistance Related Programs Carried out by the Department of Defense (Washington: August 2008) (Link to source). (2) Nina M. Serafino, Congressional Research Service, Department of Defense �Section 1207� Security and Stabilization Assistance: A Fact Sheet (Washington: CRS, November 25, 2008) (Link to source).
  • Colombia Defense Department Humanitarian Assistance 2008; Colombia Defense Department Humanitarian Assistance 2009; Colombia Defense Department Humanitarian Assistance 2010; – U.S. Department of Defense, Section 1209 and Section 1203b Report to Congress On Foreign-Assistance Related Programs for Fiscal Years 2008, 2009, and 2010 Washington: Department of Defense, April 2012 (Link to source).
  • Colombia Economic Support Fund 2008; Colombia PL 480 `Food for Peace` 2008; – United States, Department of State, FY 2010 Congressional Budget Justification for Foreign Operations (Washington: Department of State, May 2009) (Link to source).
  • Colombia International Narcotics Control Economic Aid 2008; – United States, Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement Affairs, Program and Budget Guide 2010 (Washington: Department of State). (Colombia Section 1207 Security and Stabilization Assistance 2008; – U.S. Department of Defense, Section 1209 and Section 1203(b) Report to Congress On Foreign-Assistance Related Programs for Fiscal Years 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Washington: Department of Defense, April 2012) (Link to source). (Report says “This program will support longer-term stabilization and reconstruction in areas recently cleared of insurgent activity by providing rapid, flexible support to fully implement the Integrated Consolidation Plan for the La Macarena region in the Department of Meta, in concert with the Government of Colombia.“)
  • Colombia International Narcotics Control Economic Aid 2009; – United States, Department of State, Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, Program and Budget Guide, Fiscal Year 2011 Budget (Washington: Department of State: 2010) (Link to source).
  • Colombia Economic Support Fund 2009; Colombia PL 480 `Food for Peace` 2009; – United States, Department of State, FY 2011 Congressional Budget Justification for Foreign Operations (Washington: Department of State, March 2010) (Link to source).
  • Colombia Section 1207 Security and Stabilization Assistance 2009; – U.S. Department of Defense, Section 1209 and Section 1203(b) Report to Congress On Foreign-Assistance Related Programs for Fiscal Years 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Washington: Department of Defense, April 2012) (Link to source). (Report says “This project will strengthen the capability and legitimacy of the government in recently recovered areas through small, community-driven activities. It will also increase the willingness of the communities to interact and cooperate with the Government of Colombia enabling the government to exercise timely, credible, and responsive civil functions immediately following the recovery of territory by the military.“)
  • Colombia Transition Initiatives 2009; 
  • Colombia Economic Support Fund 2010; – United States, Department of State, FY 2012 Executive Budget Summary Function 150 and Other International Programs (Washington: Department of State, February 2011) (Link to source).
  • Colombia International Narcotics Control Economic Aid 2010; – United States, Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement Affairs, Program and Budget Guide 2012 (Washington: Department of State, 2011) (Link to source).

Trainees Table Sources:

  • Colombia Aviation Leadership Program 2005; Colombia Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies 2005; Colombia Counter-Terrorism Fellowship Program 2005; Colombia Department of Homeland Security/U.S. Coast Guard Activities 2005; Colombia Foreign Military Financing 2005; Colombia Foreign Military Sales 2005; Colombia International Military Education and Training 2005; Colombia International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement 2005; Colombia Section 1004 Counter-Drug Assistance 2005; Colombia Service Academies 2005; – United States, Department of Defense, Department of State, Foreign Military Training and DoD Engagement Activities of Interest in Fiscal Years 2005 and 2006: A Report to Congress (Washington: September 2006) (Link to source).
  • Colombia Aviation Leadership Program 2006; Colombia Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies 2006; Colombia Counter-Terrorism Fellowship Program 2006; Colombia Foreign Military Financing 2006; Colombia Foreign Military Sales 2006; Colombia International Military Education and Training 2006; Colombia International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement 2006; Colombia Non-Security Assistance – Unified Command 2006; Colombia Section 1004 Counter-Drug Assistance 2006; Colombia Service Academies 2006; – United States, Department of Defense, Department of State, Foreign Military Training and DoD Engagement Activities of Interest in Fiscal Years 2006 and 2007: A Report to Congress (Washington: August 2007) (Link to source).
  • Colombia Aviation Leadership Program 2007; Colombia Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies 2007; Colombia Counter-Terrorism Fellowship Program 2007; Colombia Foreign Military Financing 2007; Colombia Foreign Military Sales 2007; Colombia International Military Education and Training 2007; Colombia International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement 2007; Colombia Non-Security Assistance – Unified Command 2007; Colombia Section 1004 Counter-Drug Assistance 2007; Colombia Service Academies 2007; – United States, Department of Defense, Department of State, Foreign Military Training and DoD Engagement Activities of Interest in Fiscal Years 2007 and 2008 (Washington: January 2008) (Link to source).
  • Colombia Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies 2008; Colombia Counter-Terrorism Fellowship Program 2008; Colombia Foreign Military Financing 2008; Colombia Foreign Military Sales 2008; Colombia International Military Education and Training 2008; Colombia International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement 2008; Colombia Non-Security Assistance – Unified Command 2008; Colombia Section 1004 Counter-Drug Assistance 2008; Colombia Service Academies 2008; – United States, Department of Defense, Department of State, Foreign Military Training and DoD Engagement Activities of Interest in Fiscal Years 2008 and 2009 (Washington: January 2011) (Link to source).
  • Colombia Aviation Leadership Program 2009; Colombia Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies 2009; Colombia Counter-Terrorism Fellowship Program 2009; Colombia Foreign Military Financing 2009; Colombia Foreign Military Sales 2009; Colombia Global Peace Operations Initiative 2009; Colombia International Military Education and Training 2009; Colombia International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement 2009; Colombia Non-Security Assistance – Unified Command 2009; Colombia Section 1004 Counter-Drug Assistance 2009; Colombia Service Academies 2009; – United States, Department of Defense, Department of State, Foreign Military Training and DoD Engagement Activities of Interest in Fiscal Years 2009 and 2010 (Washington: February 2011) (Link to source).
  • Colombia Aviation Leadership Program 2010; Colombia Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies 2010; Colombia Counter-Terrorism Fellowship Program 2010; Colombia Department of Homeland Security/U.S. Coast Guard Activities 2010; Colombia Foreign Military Financing 2010; Colombia Foreign Military Sales 2010; Colombia Global Peace Operations Initiative 2010; Colombia International Military Education and Training 2010; Colombia International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement 2010; Colombia Non-Security Assistance – Unified Command 2010; Colombia Section 1004 Counter-Drug Assistance 2010; Colombia Service Academies 2010; – United States, Department of Defense, Department of State, Foreign Military Training and DoD Engagement Activities of Interest in Fiscal Years 2010 and 2011 (Washington: February 2012) (Link to source).

Sales Table Sources:

  • Colombia Direct Commercial Sales 2005; – United States, Department of State, Report by the Department of State Pursuant to Sec. 655 of the Foreign Assistance Act (Washington: 2006) (Link to source).
  • Colombia Foreign Military Sales 2005; – United States, Department of Defense, Defense Security Cooperation Agency, Defense Articles (Including Excess) and Services (Including Training) Furnished Foreign Countries and International Organizations Under the Foreign Military Sales Provisions of The Arms Export Control Act, Chapter 2 (Washington: February 2006) (Link to source).
  • Colombia Direct Commercial Sales 2006; – United States, Department of State, Report by the Department of State Pursuant to Sec. 655 of the Foreign Assistance Act (Washington: 2007) (Link to source).
  • Colombia Foreign Military Sales 2006; – United States, Department of Defense, Response to Freedom of Information Act request from Federation of American Scientists (Washington: Department of Defense, January 30, 2008) (Link to source).
  • Colombia Direct Commercial Sales 2007; – United States, Department of State, Report by the Department of State Pursuant to Sec. 655 of the Foreign Assistance Act (Washington: May 2008) (Link to source).
  • Colombia Foreign Military Sales 2007; – United States, Department of Defense, Response to Freedom of Information Act request from Federation of American Scientists (Washington: Department of Defense, January 30, 2008) (Link to source).
  • Colombia Direct Commercial Sales 2008; – United States, Department of State, Report by the Department of State Pursuant to Sec. 655 of the Foreign Assistance Act (Washington: 2009) (Link to source).
  • Colombia Foreign Military Sales 2008; – United States, Department of Defense, Defense Security Cooperation Agency, Defense Articles and Services authorized and furnished to foreign countries and international organizations under Foreign Military Sales, Chapter 2, Arms Export Control Act (Washington: January 15, 2009) (Link to source).
  • Colombia Direct Commercial Sales 2009; – United States, Department of State, Report by the Department of State Pursuant to Sec. 655 of the Foreign Assistance Act (Washington: 2010) (Link to source).
  • Colombia Foreign Military Sales 2009; – United States, Department of Defense, Defense Security Cooperation Agency, Defense Articles and Services authorized and furnished to foreign countries and international organizations under Foreign Military Sales, Chapter 2, Arms Export Control Act (Washington: January 26, 2010) (Link to source).
  • Colombia Direct Commercial Sales 2010; – United States, Department of State, Report by the Department of State Pursuant to Sec. 655 of the Foreign Assistance Act (Washington:2011) (Link to source).
  • Colombia Foreign Military Sales 2010; – United States, Department of Defense, Defense Security Cooperation Agency,Excess Defense Articles authorized and furnished to foreign countries under Part II, Chapter 2, Section 516 of the FAA [22 U.S.C.? 2321(j)](Washington: 2011) (Link to source).

Deployments Table Sources:

  • Colombia Humanitarian and Civic Assistance 2005; – United States, Department of Defense, Defense Security Cooperation Agency, Humanitarian and Civic Assistance Program of the Department of Defense, Fiscal Year 2005, (Washington: Department of Defense, February, 2006) (Link to source).
  • Colombia Section 124 Counter-Drug Operations 2005; Colombia Section 124 Counter-Drug Operations 2006; – United States, Department of Defense, Office of Freedom of Information, Freedom of Information Act Request by Marina Walker Guevara, Ref: 06-F-0839 (Washington: September 26, 2006) (Link to source).
  • Colombia Humanitarian and Civic Assistance 2006; – United States, Department of Defense, Defense Security Cooperation Agency, Humanitarian and Civic Assistance and Humanitarian Mine Action Programs of the Department of Defense, Fiscal Year 2006, (Washington: Department of Defense, February 2007).
  • Colombia Humanitarian and Civic Assistance 2007; – United States, Department of Defense, Defense Security Cooperation Agency, Humanitarian and Civic Assistance and Humanitarian Mine Action Programs of the Department of Defense, Fiscal Year 2007, (Washington: Department of Defense, February 2008) (Link to source).
  • Colombia Humanitarian and Civic Assistance 2007; Colombia Section 124 Counter-Drug Operations 2007; – United States, Department of Defense, Section 1209 Report to Congress on Foreign-Assistance Related Programs Carried out by the Department of Defense (Washington: August 2008) (Link to source).
  • Colombia Humanitarian and Civic Assistance 2008; – United States, Department of Defense, Defense Security Cooperation Agency, Humanitarian and Civic Assistance and Humanitarian Mine Action Programs of the Department of Defense, Fiscal Year 2008, (Washington: Department of Defense, March 1, 2009) (Link to source).
  • Colombia Humanitarian and Civic Assistance 2009; – United States, Department of Defense, Defense Security Cooperation Agency, Humanitarian and Civic Assistance and Humanitarian Mine Action Programs of the Department of Defense, Fiscal Year 2009, (Washington: Department of Defense, March 1, 2010) (Link to source).